Holme Junior & Infant School


What is Autism Spectrum Condition (ASC)?


Autism Spectrum Condition (ASC) is a developmental condition and the different presentations and experiences can vary hugely, hence the use of the word 'spectrum'. Every person who has Autism may experience it differently and it can affect different areas of their life. These variations range from affecting communication and social development to influencing an individual's interests, behaviours, sensory experiences and responses to the world around them. 

Autism is a lifelong condition which can be diagnosed in children, but can also be diagnosed in adulthood depending on the individual's presentations. More than one in 100 people are on the autism spectrum and there are around 700,000 autistic adults and children in the UK. 

What can I look out for with my child?

As Autism is a spectrum and can affect each individual differently, it is often very difficult to define a clear set of characteristics. However, there are common traits which you might notice in your child, such as:

  • difficulties during social interactions
  • fixated interests
  • sensitivity to sensory stimuli, such as loud noises and harsh/bright light
  • a need for routine
  • repetitive movements or actions
  • difficulty controlling emotions
  • verbal or non-verbal language difficulties
  • other mental health difficulties as a result of the condition

This is not a full list of the presentations or experiences of an autistic person and there may be other characteristics. Not every individual will show all of these traits.

What is Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)?

Autism can often be associated with other conditions, such as ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder).

Most people with ADHD experience both inattentiveness and hyperactivity-impulsivity. For some people with ADHD, their difficulties mainly lie in just one of these two areas. ADHD has an impact on day-to-day life, including school, work and relationships. 

ADHD tends to run in families, and children are often diagnosed between the ages of six and 12. 

Websites and documents giving useful information and support around ASC and ADHD




The UKs leading charity for autistic people and their families.



Aims to build knowledge and understanding of autism and empower families and carers to advocate for autistic people they support. Provides local support to help families.



Charity for young people and children with autism.

Girls and Autism:





By people with ADHD for people with ADHD



Provides information and resources about Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.



The ADHD Foundation is the UK’s leading neurodiversity charity, offering a service for those with ADHD, ASC and other neurodiverse people.



This Powerpoint from Northorpe Hall gives further information about ASC and ADHD: